There are age-related restrictions on certain organs. You cannot be over 80 years old to make a cornea donation and must be younger than 60 to donate heart valves or tendons. People with certain existing medical conditions, such as being HIV-positive, having metastasized cancer in the last 12 months, or being diagnosed with Creuzfeldt-Jacob Disease will also prevent a donation. Organ donations can lead to other health problems.
To become a living donor, a surgery or medical procedure is required. Any surgery offers a risk to the person that may include death. Other health problems can develop after a surgery that requires a lifestyle change. People who donate bone marrow, for example, may be restricted in the future activities for a lifetime. Those who donate a kidney may be prohibited from consuming alcohol. Not every organ which is donated will be accepted. Organ rejection is a very real possibility for those who receive a transplant.
Great Debate: Should Organ Donors Be Paid?
Even when there is a direct match, there is always the chance that the transplant will be rejected. Those who receive a transplant will often be required to take immunosuppressant medications for the rest of their lives to reduce the chances of this issue from occurring. Employers do not always have leave policies for living donations. Only 12 states in the US currently have organ or bone marrow donor leave policies that impact private sector employees.
Most states have similar donor leave laws for state employees, but some offer the 30 days of leave unpaid. Organ transplants are incredibly expensive.
Organ Donation : Organ Donations Essay
Part of this cost is due to the wait time to receive an organ transplant. For some organs, the average wait time can be years in some regions of the United States. The pros and cons of organ donation show that you can get involved in some way right now. You can register to become an organ donor. You can register your children.
Risks & Benefits
You can also be tested to see if you could become a living donor for someone who is in need right now. Someone is added to the national organ transplant waiting list every 10 minutes, on average, in the United States. Since one organ donor can save up to 8 lives, the time to act is now. Here Are the Pros of Organ Donation 1.
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The sense of satisfaction, at giving a loved one a kidney, can sometimes be thoroughly rewarding for the donor. Risks Only one in eight donors that come forward to be tested will be considered suitable as an actual donor. Donors who have gone through testing and found to be unsuitable may be left feeling helpless and disappointed. Any patient who has a general anaesthetic or a major operation runs a slight risk of problems, though the tests that are done before the operation try to ensure that this risk is made as small as possible. The removal of a kidney involves a rather more difficult and uncomfortable operation than the transplant operation.
It involves a degree of post-operative pain and discomfort which can be partly controlled by painkillers. The potential donor should keep in mind that they are likely to feel less well than the recipient in the first few weeks after the operation.
The tests involved in the process could reveal an abnormality or health problem that the donor was unaware of before volunteering as a potential living donor. After the operation, the donor may experience a sense of anti-climax and may be at a slightly higher risk of depression, particularly if he or she or the recipient has post-operative problems.
The risk of the surgery not working out needs to be seriously considered. As we know, no matter how many tests are undertaken beforehand, there is still a risk that the transplanted kidney will fail and the recipient will have to return to dialysis. There is a possibility that, as a result of tissue type testing, we will discover that one of your parents or other potential donors is not in fact your blood relative.
You need to think about how you could cope with this news before you embark on becoming a living kidney donor. Negative reaction to anaesthetic or other drugs.
The need for a recovery period of between weeks. This incentive could be a cash payment, or something less direct, like lifetime health insurance. One of the biggest fears with introducing financial incentives is that it might lead to an organ market and create a situation in which the rich could exploit the poor for organs. Benjamin Hippen, a nephrologist.
This system would be drastically different from the organ trafficking schemes that have arisen in other countries such as India and Pakistan. In these unregulated systems, the middleman who purchases the organ for a recipient has no interest in the health of the donor. Extremely poor people could also be excluded from the system, says Hippen. Poverty is associated with a high risk of kidney disease, and thus an exchange involving a very poor donor would not benefit either party, he adds. Removing poor people from the system would also prevent this group from being exploited by those with more money.
Organ Donation Facts & Info | Organ Transplants | Cleveland Clinic
However, Hippen does not consider fear of exploitation as a reason to omit the poor from this system with incentives. In this system, the government would pay for the incentive, regardless of its form. And kidneys would be allocated in the same way they are now for deceased donations — through UNOS. This organization has a contract with the government to manage organ procurement and transplantation, and people who need organs are matched through the UNOS system.
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This set-up would mean that the rich and poor would have equal access to kidneys, says Hippen. However, those opposed to financial incentives argue that the risk of slipping from incentives into a market is too big to take.
http://vapiere.com/pakuk-phone-spy-app.php If individuals in these groups stopped donating organs, the organ supply could actually decrease. And even if incentives are put in place, they may still not persuade many people to provide their organs for transplant.